Altitude – 1050m – 1150m above sea level.
Location – The Cerrado, Minas Gerais.
Preparation – Natural.
Varietal – Icatu
Owners – The Ferrero family
Certification – Rainforest Alliance
Fazenda Pântano is located in the Cerrado close to the city of Patos de Minas at an altitude of 1,150 meters and covers a total area of 550 hectares. More than 300 hectares of the land are allocated for permanent natural forest reserves, which is six times more than the legal requirement under Brazilian law. The farm has over 200 varietals, most of which are in experimental production, and is working closely with the Brazilian Coffee Research Institute to experiment with processing and flavour.
Earlier this year, we found out that Fazenda Pantano had just received an award from Brazil’s most prestigious agricultural magazine “Globo Rural”. The magazine recently announced 4 national awards for Sustainable Practices in 4 categories; Meat Production, Perennial Crops, Annual Crops and Forestry. There were 189 finalists in the Perennial group which mostly consisted of orange growers. All of these 189 farms had to be audited with only 30 farms going into the final phase, and Fazenda Pantano came out on top! The auditors were assessing three main categories on each farm: food safety, environment and social factors.
The most impressive factor on Fazenda Pantano is Wagner’s realisation that each part of his land is different and requires varying levels of care. He is fastidious with waste and has plans in place to reduce the use of chemicals and water as much as possible in the coming years. Currently, Wagner’s farm is divided into plots which are made up of 1 hectare squares. He has conducted soil analysis on each hectare of his farm and prescribes individual treatment with water and pesticides accordingly. There is a meteorological station on site to ensure water is being used correctly, taking into account the following factors on each hectare:
• Daily necessity of water
• Amount of rain
• Retention of water in soil
• Effect of evaporation and wind
• Amount of ground water in first 40cm of soil
Once again, Pantano has been a pioneering farm in Minas Gerais being the first one in the region to treat each hectare individually. Wagner and Fazenda Pântano have become a world reference for sustainability and Falcon Speciality are very proud of their achievements. Not only are the coffees of outstanding quality but this commitment to a sustainable and ethical approach is a philosophy we both share.
Our Icatu bourbon cherries are picked and pulped to remove all mucilage before being immediately dried on African style raised beds for air drying. This results in a cleaner cup than natural processed coffee, with brighter notes and a lighter body but with greater complexity. All processing takes place on the farm and the coffee is only hulled at the point of export and packed into grain pro sacks in order to preserve flavour and freshness. The farm supports a local school and also funds various training schemes and courses for its staff. It is certified by the Rainforest Alliance.